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How Did it Become… The Sandwich?

The Epic Saga of How the Sandwich Came to Be

Sandwiches. Everybody loves them, right? They come in all varieties, from Italian, to tuna salad, to Nutella. There are even restaurants devoted to making sandwiches! But how did we end up with such a delicious, versatile creation?

Enter the 4th earl of Sandwich (yes, that’s a real title), John Montagu. He was a somewhat prominent politician in the mid-to-late 1700s, as part of the House of Lords and the postmaster general for England. During the American Revolution, he was the first lord of the Admiralty (a fancy name for the political head of the navy). He was also infamous for being a prolific gambler and poker player.

We know for a fact that two things were named after him: the Sandwich Islands (Now known as Hawaii) and the sandwich. The latter is supposedly because of an event that is most likely untrue. The story goes that the earl was playing poker, while also eating meat. However, he couldn’t eat his food while holding his poker cards. So, he ordered one of his servants to bring him two pieces of bread. He put the meat between the bread, and was able to play cards while also enjoying his food.

In summary, while the Earl of Sandwich may not have invented the sandwich, he was its namesake, and the reason Hawaii originally shared its name with hoagies. So, I guess we can be grateful it was named after him, and not with any of these earls: The Earl of Bath, the Earl of Ogle, or the Earl of Tinmouth. Next time you eat a sandwich, be grateful that you aren’t eating a ham and cheese tinmouth, or a meatball ogle.

Once On This Island

A Synopsis of the MS Musical

“This is why we tell the story.”

That statement is from the 2019 play production, Once on This Island, performed last month by the Cab middle schoolers, but what does it mean? Just as the play says, let’s tell the story!

The story starts off in a storm shelter and all the people are asleep, but all of a sudden, thunder boomed and lightning struck! The noise awoke a little girl and she began to scream. The rest of the people heard the scream of terror from the youngest sister. To keep the wailing child quiet, an older sister begins the tale of Ti Moune.

Once upon a time, there was an island. This island was split between the wealthy and the poor. These two types of people kept to themselves and never bothered with the other. Then, a storm hit.

After the storm, two poor but loving parents, Mama Euralie and Tonton Julian, (played by S. Brick and B. Nourie) found a scared little girl in a tree. They weren’t so sure about taking her, but decided to take her under their wing. The little girl was named Ti Moune (Young Ti Moune played by M. Yucis). Over time, Ti Moune (played by A. Travis and A. Nourie) grew up.

One fateful day, a car crashed, and a boy named Daniel (Played by C. Mayo-Jimenez) was injured. Ti Moune rushed over to help the injured boy. The gods wished the boy to die, so Ti Moune made a deal with the gods—her soul for his. If he didn’t agree to marry her, she would die for him to live. Her nights became restless as she tried healing the boy and went days without food. Mama Euralie became worried about Ti Moune’s health. Ti Moune insisted that she should keep helping the poor boy. As time passed, Ti Moune fell in love with him.

When the boy was strong enough, he was taken back to The Grand Hommes. Ti Moune insisted to her parents that she was in love with him. Convincing her parents to let her travel to her soul mate. She and Daniel talked for hours—chatting about their future together. Little did Ti Moune know, he was promised to another woman.

The gods came down and told her that she promised her soul for Daniel’s. But since he had betrayed her, this was the chance to kill him! Ti Moune refused. She was kicked out of Grand Hommes, but waited for Daniel to come out. Waiting for him proved difficult, and she died in the lap of the mother that took her in. The gods looked after her, and then Ti Moune was blessed and became a tree.

TBT – Ugly Sweaters

Remember December?

Tie for first! S. Lohr & R. Kataria win Ugly Sweater Contest

S. Lohr was one of the two winners at Cab’s Ugly Sweater contest this past December. She wore a Christmas tree hat on her head with glitter streamers attached. As the top, she wore a green long-sleeved top and had a wreath type scarf, strung with Christmas tree lights. She had a red long skirt and had clipped things onto it. She wanted to be in the contest because she likes to dress up. She was very excited to see what other people wore and always enjoys seeing people in costume. She did not think that she would win the contest, but she was very happy she did. 

R. Kataria was the other first-place winner. He wore a shirt with green streamers and Christmas light necklace. He also wore Christmas tree glasses and black pants. To top it all off, he wore a Christmas hat with green streamers on it. And yes, I know, lots of green. He was very excited to win the contest. He wanted to be in the contest because he is very competitive. He was very impressed with what other people wore. At first, he did not believe that he would win this school-wide contest. He said that it was awesome to win the Cab Calloway Ugly Sweater Contest.

Something Rotten

Dancers Tap Through Master Class

On Friday, March 8th the Grand Opera House in Wilmington brought two dancers from the musical Something Rotten to give a master class at Cab. Something Rotten is set in the 1950s, and is about two brothers, Nick and Nigel Bottom, on a mission to write a musical. The show opened on Broadway in 2015 and won a Tony for Best Featured Actor in a Musical. The show also won a Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical with the actor Christian Borle in 2015. The next year the show was nominated for a Grammy for Best Musical Theater Album.

The musical contains jazz and a lot of tap dancing, which is what the master class focused on. The dancers learned the audition combo, and part of the song “A Musical.”  Last Friday’s master class was very fun, and exciting for the Cab Calloway dancers to learn from professionals and get some tips for being a musical theatre dancer.

The Grand Opera House’s tour of Something Rotten started in August, and you can still go see the show.

Spring Track and Field Starts This Week


Do you like high-intensity sports? Do you like being a part of a team activity? Do you like being in a passionate community? Are you in 8th grade or above? If you answered yes to any of these questions, outdoor track and field could be a great activity for you! Learn more about it below!

Races, Activities, and Events!

Starting next Monday the 4th through next Friday the 8th, outdoor track and field will be accepting new members! Practice will start 3:00 PM after school at the track and will end at 4:45/5:00 PM. If the weather is below freezing or raining, you will meet in the lobby.

Coach Rick Schuder and Coach Lavel Walker are, as said by a member of the track C. Seiffert, “hardworking and well involved, but also keep you on your toes and working!”

Events and Races

In outdoor track, you will expect a meet once week after one month of track practice. In meets you will experience 100 meter – 2 mile races, pole volt, and high jump. These races are intense and fast moving. If you love being active and bettering yourself, these meets are for you. These types of meets usually last all day on Saturday. (Click here for more information on meets, practice, and schedules.)

If any of this interests you, you should definitely consider going to next week’s practice! It’s so much fun and great for making friends and pushing your limits. We hope to see you there!

Notable Figures in Black History

BCC Shines Light on the Lesser Known

Over the month of February, the Black Culture Club worked very hard for Black History Month. Part of this celebration was sharing announcements every morning about lesser-known black history figures. Some of the black history figures mentioned were Jimi Hendrix, Edward Bouchet, Mamie Phipps Clark, and many more. These announcements were a way to shine a little light on some black figures that we may not learn about in school.

Ella Baker was a very interesting black history figure that stayed mostly behind the scenes during segregation but still made a huge impact. Here is an example the announcements normally consisted of. “Today’s Black-Figure in History is Ella Josephine Baker who was born on December 13, 1903, in Norfolk, Virginia and raised in North Carolina. She had a passion for social justice at a young age and her grandmother being a slave fueled the passion. In the 1940s she started at the NAACP (The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) as a secretary and shared the group’s message of “ a world without discrimination based on race.” In 1957, Ella Baker moved to Atlanta to form the Southern Christian Leadership Conference with Dr. King, she helped facilitated protests, build campaigns, and ran a voter registration campaign called the Crusade for Citizenship. Baker viewed the young people as a very huge aspect of the civil rights movement. Because of this, she helped lay the framework for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). The SNCC contributed to the movement through freedom rides and had a large emphasis on the importance of voting rights for African-Americans. Baker died on Dec. 13, 1986, on her 83rd birthday. She left a very important legacy and was inducted into the National Women’s Hall of Fame in 1994. She was also honored on a U.S. postage stamp in 2009.”

The Black Culture Club made this year’s Black History Month one to remember.

The Importance of Sleep for Teens

Get Your ZZZs!

Sleep. All of us need it and most of us love it, but we take it for granted. The Nationwide Children’s Organization says that teens need about nine to nine and a half hours of sleep a night. It’s reported that only 15% of teens actually get the recommended amount of sleep. The average amount of sleep is 7 hours for teens. After puberty, a teen’s internal clock changes by 2 hours. For example, a teen who goes to bed at 9 will now go to bed at 11, but since students still have to wake up at the same time or earlier for school, this leads to sleep deprivation. Teens tend to get overwhelmed with sports, clubs, and homework. All these things come before sleep. Sleep deprivation can lead to being irritable, and cranky. It can also cause attention deprivation, memory loss, poor decision-making abilities, slow reaction time, and loss of creativity. Therefore, teens should try their best to manage their time wisely, and get nine to nine and a half hours of sleep.

Winter Strings Concert

A Recap

On the 3rd of December, the Middle and High School Strings programs performed at Cab Calloway. They were conducted by Ms. Ayers, the program director, and played eleven pieces. The middle school strings students opened with six pieces from a variety of genres, from La Mariposa, a piece in the style of a traditional Cuban mamba, to Gloria in Excelsis Deo, a choral piece by Vivaldi (a composer from the Baroque era of music), to Rosin-Eating Zombies from Outer Space, music parodying the soundtrack of old horror movies. Rosin-Eating Zombies finished the concert and was played beautifully. The performance, complete with special effects played on instruments and live screams from soloists, proved to be a success and generated thunderous applause from the audience.

After the middle school concert, the high school students followed. The high school orchestra managed to play five challenging pieces and played each one with great skill. One piece in particular, Troika, was used for the movie Lieutenant Kije. It was composed by a Russian musician and composer, Sergei Prokofiev. The song had many contrasting dynamics, ranging from the soft pianissimo to the loud fortissimo. Every piece played during the concert brought tremendous success to the Cab Calloway School of the Arts Orchestra.

Effects of Social Media on Teens

Positive and Negative Effects of Social Media

Social media is a huge part of teen lives with some even spending almost nine hours a day in front of their screens. Teens normally spend up to ⅓ of their day on social media according to the Guardian. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends a maximum of two hours of screen time a day to keep being as healthy a possible. Social media is very influential to us and can play positive and negative effects.

Social Media plays many negative effects on teens. Cyberbullying is a huge issue and being on social media creates a place for it to happen. The Cyberbullying Research Center says, “About half of young people have experienced some form of cyberbullying, and ten to twenty percent experience it regularly.” Cyberbullying can lower an adolescent’s self-esteem and has caused some teens to feel physically ill. Social media can also cause stress and anxiety. According to the Child Mind Institute, some teens may turn their likes and followers into a popularity contest and feel like they need to have the most to be popular even if they don’t realize they’re doing it. Body image can also be affected by social media because of celebrities. While on social media, teens see all of their favorite celebrities looking perfect which can raise their expectation of what they’re supposed to look like. In summary, social media can play a negative role on teens through cyberbullying, stress, and self-esteem.

Even though there are many negative effects of social media, that shouldn’t stop teens from using it, but they should protect themselves from harmful posts. Teens spend so much time on social media that they are losing a lot of sleep. Spending less time on social media gives you more time to sleep and do homework. Also, having a private account can protect you from online predators and cyberbullies. Not to mention, If someone who is already following you starts to post mean comments, blocking them will rid your life of their negativity. Additionally, you should have a trusted adult in your life who you would feel comfortable going to if something was happening to you online. It’s okay to follow celebrities who you aspire, but following positive people who post inspiring messages can help bring up your self-esteem. Social media can turn into a negative space, but if you protect yourself then it can be a safe place.

Even though there are many negative effects of social media some things can be positive. Social media can be used as a way of communication for teens. Many teens have formed study groups through social media and shared information to students who may have been absent. Social media can also help teens stay in touch with past friends through changes in their life such as school switches. It is important for teens to share their talents and social media can be the place to do it. Many celebrities were discovered on social media, so having a place to display their creativity benefits teens in tons of ways. Many people also utilize social media as a way to spread awareness and kindness. Celebrities can post messages about mental health and self-care which can help teens all over the world. Sometimes even teens share positive messages about kindness and that proves that social media can be used in a positive way.

According to PEW Research Center, 72% of teens say they use Instagram and 69% say they use Snapchat. Social media is such a huge part of adolescents’ lives and they use it constantly for various reasons. Ever since social media was invented, there have been many risks that have increased over the years. This just shows that teens have to be more careful with what we do on social media. If they keep themselves safe on social media, it can be a very positive place with inspiring messages. Overall, social media or online access is a part of 94% of our lives and as long as they’re safe and responsible, social media can be a positive place.

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